Indianapolis, IN—The remains of ancient stone tools and arrowheads found in an ancient Indianapolis burial ground have been unearthed, making the site the oldest in the United States.
The discovery was made by archaeologists in partnership with the Indiana Archaeological Commission, a local government body, and the state’s Department of Natural Resources, which is funding the study.
The artifacts, all of which date back to about 500 B.C., have been excavated in an area known as the “Bridgeton Site,” which is believed to have been a site of ancient settlement during the time of the Mughal Empire.
“It’s really amazing that we’ve found all of these pieces in one location, and this is one of the most important places in the state for people who have been digging there for the last 10 years,” said Jennifer Stokes, a native American archaeologist who is part of the archaeological team.
The remains of the ancient artifacts are part of a larger set of remains that were unearthed during a 2016 survey of the area by the Indiana Land Surveyors Association.
The group hopes to complete a detailed study of the site’s history before archaeologists begin a new excavation in 2021.
Stokes said the group hopes the findings can help shed light on the history of the region during the Maughal Empire, which was the longest period of intermingling of cultures in the world.
Archaeologists have long wondered if this ancient site represents an important ancient site, since it is located on a large swath of land that extends into Indiana’s northwest corner.
The land is a collection of ancient pottery and artifacts that was used for making weapons and other items from the period of the early Mughals to the late 19th century.
The area of the property where the artifacts were discovered is now part of an industrial site that has been designated for an economic development project.
Stires and her team hope to continue digging in the area as long as they can.
“We want to know what’s out there and how it was used in this area, so we can tell people what the significance of this place is,” she said.
In a report issued by the DNR in 2016, archaeologists found that the area has a strong connection to the M.C. Chichester expedition that landed in the region in 1785.
Archaeologist William Lacey, who led the expedition, said the area was the site of an extensive trade network with the Mcchesers, and that a large quantity of weapons and stone tools were discovered there.
The Maughals and their traders were responsible for the most successful of the “great empires” of the time, according to Lacey.
The Indianapolis area has been a popular tourist destination for years, with restaurants, bars, and other attractions.
Some of the artifacts have been found in the site since the MCCs findings.